Rupp MT, DeYoung M, Schondelmeyer SW. Prescribing problems and pharmacist interventions in community practice. Medical care. 1992 Oct 1:926-40.

Flynn EA, Barker KN, Carnahan BJ. National observational study of prescription dispensing accuracy and safety in 50 pharmacies. Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association. 2003 Mar 1;43(2):191-200.

Witte D, Dundes L. Prescription for error: process defects in a community retail pharmacy. Journal of Patient Safety. 2007 Dec 1;3(4):190-4.

Gabler E. How chaos at chain pharmacies is putting patients at risk. The New York Times. 2020 Jan 31.


Yang Y, Ward-Charlerie S, Dhavle AA, Rupp MT, Green J. Quality and variability of patient directions in electronic prescriptions in the ambulatory care setting. Journal of managed care & specialty pharmacy. 2018 Jul;24(7):691-9.

Zheng Y, Jiang Y, Dorsch MP, Ding Y, Vydiswaran VV, Lester CA. Work effort, readability and quality of pharmacy transcription of patient directions from electronic prescriptions: a retrospective observational cohort analysis. BMJ quality & safety. 2021 Apr 1;30(4):311-9.


Onder G, Petrovic M, Tangiisuran B, Meinardi MC, Markito-Notenboom WP, Somers A, Rajkumar C, Bernabei R, van der Cammen TJ. Development and validation of a score to assess risk of adverse drug reactions among in-hospital patients 65 years or older: the GerontoNet ADR risk score. Archives of internal medicine. 2010 Jul 12;170(13):1142-8.

Winterstein AG, Staley B, Henriksen C, Xu D, Lipori G, Jeon N, Choi Y, Li Y, Hincapie-Castillo J, Soria-Saucedo R, Brumback B. Development and validation of a complexity score to rank hospitalized patients at risk for preventable adverse drug events. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. 2017 Dec 1;74(23):1970-84.

Flynn AJ, Farris G, Meng G, Allan J, Kurosu S, Lampa N, Sasagawa K. Engaging Pharmacists to Crowdsource a Fine-grained Medication Risk Scale: An Initial Measurement Study Using Paired Comparisons of Medications. In AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings 2019 (Vol. 2019, p. 428). American Medical Informatics Association.

Bankes DL, Jin H, Finnel S, Michaud V, Knowlton CH, Turgeon J, Stein A. Association of a novel medication risk score with adverse drug events and other pertinent outcomes among participants of the programs of all-inclusive care for the elderly. Pharmacy. 2020 Jun;8(2):87.


Woods AD, Mulherin DP, Flynn AJ, Stevenson JG, Zimmerman CR, Chaffee BW. Clinical decision support for atypical orders: detection and warning of atypical medication orders submitted to a computerized provider order entry system. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. 2014 May 1;21(3):569-73.

Flynn AJ, Milstein JA, Boisvert P, Gittlen N, Lagoze C, Meng G. ScriptNumerate: A Data-to-Advice Pipeline using Compound Digital Objects to Increase the Interoperability of Computable Biomedical Knowledge. In AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings 2018 (Vol. 2018, p. 440). American Medical Informatics Association.